Tailored Melt Pool Shape and Temperature Distribution by a Dual Laser Beam LMD-w Process
Speaker: Marius Gipperich, Researcher, Fraunhofer IPT
Laser Metal Deposition (LMD) is a high deposition rate metal AM process used for repair, cladding or manufacturing. While wire-based LMD (LMD-w) offers several advantages such as high material efficiency and a safe and simple handling of the wire feedstock, advanced concepts are needed to increase the LMD-w process stability.
In this presentation, an approach is investigated to stabilize the LMD-w process by combining a continuous wave (cw) laser and a low-power pulsed wave (pw) laser. Calorimeter-like absorption measurements as well as deposition experiments are carried out to understand the physical background of the dual laser process and how this setup helps to stabilize the process. Promising results were achieved showing the possibility to tailor the melt pool height and width by a factor of 1.5-2 and an increase of energy absorption by 20 %. This offers new perspectives for the LMD-w manufacturing process in many industry sectors.